Cascading of woody biomass: definitions, policies and effects on international trade
Cascade use or “cascading” of woody biomass is increasingly being discussed as a key principle upon which to base efficient utilisation of wood, especially in the European Union (EU). Cascading does not have one universal definition, although a common theme is that “material use of wood should be prioritized over energy use of wood”, which forms the basis for our analysis herein. This IEA Bioenergy Task 40 working paper aims to inform the debate on cascading through an analysis of the terminology around cascading, and a review of how the concept is framed and implemented in policies of the EU and selected member states. It also discusses potential implications on international bioenergy markets from implementation of the cascading principle.
The working paper can be downloaded here