Using a LCA approach to estimate the net GHG emissions of bioenergy

Nov 2011

This strategic report was prepared by Mr Neil Bird, Joanneum Research, Austria; Professor Annette Cowie, The National Centre for Rural Greenhouse Gas Research, Australia; Dr Francesco Cherubini, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway; and Dr Gerfried Jungmeier; Joanneum Research, Austria.

The report addresses the key methodological aspects of life cycle assessment (LCA) with respect to greenhouse gas (GHG) balances of bioenergy systems. It includes results via case studies, for some important bioenergy supply chains in comparison to fossil energy systems. The purpose of the report is to produce an unbiased, authoritative statement aimed especially at practitioners, policy advisors, and policy makers.